Role of Emotional Intelligence in Education

Prof. Bindu Chhabra

Specialization: Communication, OB and HR

 

Emotional Intelligence as a competency has a great significance in education and teaching as it helps both the teachers and the students. It helps the teachers to understand their students in a better way so as to align their pedagogy to meet the needs and aspirations of the students. Emotional Intelligence is hidden component that each educator delivers to learners indirectly. Teaching by emotion makes school more fun and more attractive. On the other hand, emotionless teaching is like a soundless symphony. Empathy, a key constituent of EI, is necessary for the teachers to understand and impart the learning in a way suited to the background and culture of the students. The social skills and motivation are useful for the teachers to achieve the ultimate objectives of the subject being taught. Emotional Intelligence can also help improve the achievements of the students and offer them skills for their personal and professional lives. Teachers and institutions which incorporate the concept of EI, not only produce happier and well-rounded students but also the ones who are better adjusted and more successful.
 
Emotional Intelligence is equally important for the students. Studies have found strong correlation between students' emotional intelligence and their classroom behavior. Students with low emotional intelligence may struggle to focus and have relationships with their peers or may even show aggression. Students with lower emotional intelligence tend to struggle to communicate their feelings with their peers, and this can result in struggling to form friendships with classmates or even relationships with adults. Aggression is a common issue with students with low emotional intelligence, because they don't have the skills they need to communicate or manage their emotions appropriately. These behavior problems typically surface in preschool and early elementary school and increase in seriousness from that point on.

Often, we assume that the various constituents of emotional intelligence are innate in people or develop naturally by casual interactions with others throughout childhood. For many children, however, this is simply not the case. Therefore, they need to be taught explicitly through classroom instruction, modeling, and even role playing. Preschools and elementary schools that use structured emotional intelligence instructional programs reap some benefits. For example, students who participate in emotional intelligence instructional programs exhibit less aggressive behavior towards adults and their peers. Developing emotional intelligence improves the environment in the classroom as well, making it easier for teachers to teach and students to learn.